Study type: Medical/biological study (experimental study)

Effect of acute extremely low frequency electromagnetic field exposure on the antioxidant status and lipid levels in rat brain med./bio.

Published in: Arch Med Res 2012; 43 (3): 183-189

Aim of study (acc. to author)

To study the immediate effects of acute magnetic field exposure, immobilization, and the combination of both on the antioxidant system and lipid content in the whole brain of rat.

Background/further details

32 male rats were divided into four groups: 1) control group, 2) exposure group, 3) immobilization, 4) exposure + immobilization.
Immobilization was used as a positive control for physical and psychological stress.



Exposure Parameters
Exposure 1: 60 Hz
Exposure duration: continuous for 2 h

General information

Animals were divided into four groups: 1) control group (no exposure, no immobilization) 2) exposure group (no immobilization) 3) immobilization 4) exposure + immobilization

Exposure 1

Main characteristics
Frequency 60 Hz
Exposure duration continuous for 2 h
Exposure setup
Exposure source
Setup rats were restrained by confinement into a 18 cm long acrylic cylinder with an inner diameter of 7 cm; unrestained rats were placed individually in 47 cm x 25 cm x 21 cm acrylic cages; pair of circular Helmholtz coils with an inner diameter of 30 cm, consisting of 350 turns of 18-gauge copper wire; coils separated by 15 cm from the upper and lower surfaces of the animal cage
Sham exposure A sham exposure was conducted.
Measurand Value Type Method Mass Remarks
magnetic flux density 2.4 mT - measured - -

Reference articles

Exposed system:

Methods Endpoint/measurement parameters/methodology

Investigated system:
Investigated organ system:
Time of investigation:
  • after exposure

Main outcome of study (acc. to author)

Acute exposure to extremely low frequency magnetic field alone as well as "exposure + immobilization" induced a reduction in catalase and superoxide dismutase enzyme activities compared with the control group, whereas the combination of "magnetic field exposure and immobilization" also decreased both reduced glutathione (compared with the control group) and nitric oxide levels compared with the other groups. Thiobarbituric acid reactive substances in the total lipid content of the brain were higher in the "exposure + immobilization group" than in the other experimental groups. Exposure to extremely low frequency magnetic fields did not induce any changes of the stress-hormone corticosterone or triacylglycerol levels.
Acute exposure to the extremely low frequency magnetic field appears to be a mild stressor.

Study character:

Study funded by

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