Study type: Medical/biological study (experimental study)

Influence of microwave exposure on fertility of male rats med./bio.

Published in: Fertil Steril 2011; 95 (4): 1500-1502

Aim of study (acc. to editor)

To assess the effect of microwave exposure on male fertility of rats, reactive oxygen species content, histone kinase enzyme activity, apoptotic cell number, and cell cycle distribution were investigated in sperm samples of rats exposed to 10 GHz microwaves.

Background/further details

12 rats were divided into one exposure group (n=6) and one sham exposed group (n=6).



Exposure Parameters
Exposure 1: 10 GHz
Exposure duration: continuous for 2 hr/day on 45 days

Exposure 1

Main characteristics
Frequency 10 GHz
Exposure duration continuous for 2 hr/day on 45 days
Exposure setup
Exposure source
  • not specified
Sham exposure A sham exposure was conducted.
Measurand Value Type Method Mass Remarks
power density 0.21 mW/cm² - - - -
SAR 0.014 W/kg - calculated - -

Reference articles

Exposed system:

Methods Endpoint/measurement parameters/methodology

Investigated system:
Investigated organ system:
Time of investigation:
  • after exposure

Main outcome of study (acc. to author)

The data showed significant changes in the level of reactive oxygen species (increase), histone kinase enzyme activity (decrease), apoptotic cells (increase), and percentage of G2 phase/mitosis phase cells (decrease) of cell cycle in the exposed group compared with the sham exposed group.
The authors conclude that there is a significant effect of microwave exposure on reproductive parameters in male rats.

Study character:

Study funded by

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