研究のタイプ: 医学/生物学の研究 (experimental study)

[916 MHzマイクロ波放射によって生じる細胞の腫瘍性形質転換] med./bio.

Cellular neoplastic transformation induced by 916 MHz microwave radiation.

掲載誌: Cell Mol Neurobiol 2012; 32 (6): 1039-1046

この研究は、電磁界による細胞の腫瘍性形質転換作用を調べた。NIH/3T3細胞対照群と916MHzマイクロ波ばく露群(M1群、M2群、M3群の電力密度は10、50、90W/m2)に分け、ばく露群は1日2時間のばく露細胞の接触阻害が失われるまで毎日続けた。ばく露終了後、NIH/3T3細胞の形態及び増殖を調べ、更に、腫瘍プロモーションを測定するため、軟寒天培地培養アッセイ及びSCIDマウスへの細胞移植による発がんアッセイを実施した。その結果、5-8週間のばく露でNIH/3T3細胞の形態及び増殖における変化が見られた;ばく露終了後の細胞を3-4週間、軟寒天培地培養することにより、ばく露強度に依存したクローン形成が見られた;SCIDマウスへ移植後4週間以上で、背中にコブが生じた、などの所見を報告している。

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研究目的(著者による)

To study whether 916 MHz microwave exposure with different intensities and durations could induce cellular neoplastic transformation in NIH3T3 cells.

詳細情報

NIH3T3 cells were used due to their sensitivity to carcinogens or cancer promoter in environment. Cell morphology and cell proliferation were examined in vitro.
Furthermore, an carcinogenesis assay with immunodeficiency mice was carried out to determine the neoplastic promotion. 10 mice were used for carcinogenesis assay and divided into five groups: one control group, three exposure groups and a positive control (injected a nasopharyngeal carcinoma cell line). Exposed and sham exposed cells were injected subcutaneously into the back of the mice. After tumor development, the mice were killed, the tumor was dissected and divided into two parts: one part was fixed and the other one was mashed and injected into two additional mice in order to study whether the developed tumor was able to grow in vivo.

影響評価項目

ばく露

ばく露 パラメータ
ばく露1: 916 MHz
ばく露時間: continuous for 2 h/day every day, until cells lost their contact inhibition (up to 8 weeks)
  • 電力密度: 90 W/m² maximum (close contact to the antenna)
  • 電力密度: 50 W/m² maximum (middle distance to the antenna)
  • 電力密度: 10 W/m² maximum (furthest away from the antenna)

General information

Cells were exposed in four groups: 1) control group 2) exposure at 90 W/cm² 3) exposure at 50 W/cm² 4) exposure at 10 W/cm²

ばく露1

主たる特性
周波数 916 MHz
タイプ
  • electromagnetic field
ばく露時間 continuous for 2 h/day every day, until cells lost their contact inhibition (up to 8 weeks)
ばく露装置
ばく露の発生源/構造
  • モノポール
チャンバの詳細 culture flasks and antenna were placed in a bench
ばく露装置の詳細 cells were exposed in flasks at three different distances from the antenna (for the different power densities)
Sham exposure A sham exposure was conducted.
パラメータ
測定量 種別 Method Mass 備考
電力密度 90 W/m² maximum 測定値 - close contact to the antenna
電力密度 50 W/m² maximum 測定値 - middle distance to the antenna
電力密度 10 W/m² maximum 測定値 - furthest away from the antenna

ばく露を受けた生物:

方法 影響評価項目/測定パラメータ/方法

研究対象とした生物試料:
調査の時期:
  • ばく露中
  • ばく露後

研究の主なアウトカム(著者による)

The data showed that cell morphology (loss of contact inhibition) and cell proliferation were changed after 5-8 weeks of exposure: The cells of the exposed groups formed colonies in the soft agar plates, whereas the control cells did not.
In the carcinogenesis assay, tumors developed on the back of mice inoculated with the exposed cells after 5-7 weeks. Tumors also developed in the additional two mice injected with the mashed tumor tissue (after 4 weeks).
All effects were time and dose dependent. In conclusion, the results indicate that microwave exposure can promote neoplastic transformation of NIH3T3 cells.

研究の種別:

研究助成

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