研究のタイプ: 医学/生物学の研究 (experimental study)

[EMFばく露下で共培養した骨芽細胞により調節された骨髄間葉系幹細胞の骨分化] med./bio.

Osteogenic differentiation of bone mesenchymal stem cells regulated by osteoblasts under EMF exposure in a co-culture system.

掲載誌: J Huazhong Univ Sci Technolog Med Sci 2014; 34 (2): 247-253

この研究は、ラット骨髄由来間葉幹細胞(BMSCs)と骨芽細胞のそれぞれ単培養、両者の共培養磁界ばく露(50 Hz、1.0 mT、1日2または8時間、14日継続)を与えて、分化への影響を調べた。その結果、2時間ばく露ではBMSCsと骨芽細胞増殖促進されたが、8時間ばく露の場合は、共培養での骨分化促進された、と報告している。

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研究目的(著者による)

To investigate the effects of exposure to 50 Hz-magnetic fields on bone mesenchymal stem cells or osteoblasts alone, respectively and in combination (co-culture system).

詳細情報

Two experiments were performed. In the first experiment, bone mesenchymal stem cells or osteoblasts alone, respectively were exposed to a magnetic field. Different groups were examined: 1 a) sham exposure group, 1 b) 2 hours magnetic field-exposure, 1 c) 4 hours magnetic field-exposure and 1 d) 8 hours magnetic field-exposure.
In the second experiment, bone mesenchymal stem cells were co-cultured with osteoblasts and exposed to magnetic fields in the same way.

影響評価項目

ばく露

ばく露 パラメータ
ばく露1: 50 Hz
ばく露時間: 2, 4 or 8 hours/day for up to 14 days

ばく露1

主たる特性
周波数 50 Hz
タイプ
  • magnetic field
波形
  • sinusoidal
ばく露時間 2, 4 or 8 hours/day for up to 14 days
ばく露装置
ばく露の発生源/構造
ばく露装置の詳細 pair of Helmholtz coils (diameter 30 cm) was placed in CO2 incubator; coil was connected to the power generator outside the incubator; plexiglas shelf was placed in the center of the coils for holding culture dishes
Sham exposure A sham exposure was conducted.
パラメータ
測定量 種別 Method Mass 備考
磁束密度 1 mT - - - -

Reference articles

  • Yang Y et al. (2010): [電磁界はラットの骨髄間葉系幹細胞の骨芽細胞への分化を促進し、脂肪細胞への分化を阻害する]

ばく露を受けた生物:

方法 影響評価項目/測定パラメータ/方法

研究対象とした生物試料:
調査の時期:
  • ばく露中
  • ばく露後

研究の主なアウトカム(著者による)

From the 3. to the 7. day, cell proliferation was significantly increased in 2 hours-exposed cell cultures of bone mesenchymal stem cells and osteoblasts (alone, respectively) compared to the control group, while no significant changes were observed in the 4 or 8 hours-exposed groups.
In 4 and 8 hours-exposed bone mesenchymal stem cells, the number of alkaline phosphatase positive cells and the mineralization was significantly increased compared to the control group, while in osteoblasts, the number of alkaline phosphatase positive cells was significantly decreased in all exposure groups. In exposed (2, 4 and 8 hours) co-cultured cells, alkaline phosphatase-positive cells and mineralization were significantly increased in comparison to the sham exposed cell culture and compared to the single-cultured groups.
In exposed osteoblasts, most of the differentiation related gene expression was significantly increased in comparison to the sham exposed control, while the expression of Bmp2 and ALP was significantly decreased. In bone mesenchymal stem cells, exposure led to significant decreases in the expression of Runx2, Sp7, Col1a2, Bglap and partially to significant increases regarding Bmp2 expression. In co-cultured cell cultures, gene expression of the differentiation related genes was significantly increased after exposure when compared to the unexposed co-cultured control and mostly to the single-cultured cell cultures.
The data indicate that exposure to 50 Hz-magnetic fields could promote the differentiation of bone mesenchymal stem cells especially in combination with osteoblasts via a Bmp2-mediated cellular interaction. The authors suggest that the study might provide helpful information for the clinical application of magnetic fields in the treatment of bone diseases.

研究の種別:

研究助成

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