solenoid was made of winding copper wire (Ø = 1 mm) with an internal diameter of 35 cm and length of 90 cm constructed on a glass fiber cylinder; uniformity of the MF in the exposure area was ± 3%; temperature was kept at 22 ± 2°C and humidity was kept at 55 ± 10% during exposure
setup consisted of two 4-coil systems (2 coils with 56 windings, 2 coils with 50 windings), each placed inside a µ-metal box; both systems were fitted inside an incubator to ensure constant environmental conditions (37°C, 5% CO2, 95% humidity); temperature at the location of the dishes maintained 36.5-37.5°C during exposure; the temperature difference between the chambers did not exceed 0.3°C
Third Military Medical University, Chongqing, China
Mahaki H et al.
The effects of extremely low-frequency electromagnetic fields on c-Maf, STAT6, and RORα expressions in spleen and thymus of rat
Sobhanifard M et al.
Effect of Extremely Low Frequency Electromagnetic Fields on Expression of T-bet and GATA-3 Genes and Serum Interferon-γ and Interleukin-4
Molaei S et al.
Effect of 50-Hz Magnetic Fields on Serum IL-1β and IL-23 and Expression of BLIMP-1, XBP-1, and IRF-4
Mahdavinejad L et al.
Extremely Low Frequency Electromagnetic Fields Decrease Serum Levels of Interleukin-17, Transforming Growth Factor-β and Downregulate Foxp3 Expression in the Spleen
Li H et al.
Eotaxin‑1 and MCP‑1 serve as circulating indicators in response to power frequency electromagnetic field exposure in mice
Zhang H et al.
Protective effect of procyanidins extracted from the lotus seedpod on immune function injury induced by extremely low frequency electromagnetic field
Salehi I et al.
Exposure of rats to extremely low-frequency electromagnetic fields (ELF-EMF) alters cytokines production
Cicekcibasi AE et al.
Determination of the effects of extremely low frequency electromagnetic fields on the percentages of peripheral blood leukocytes and histology of lymphoid organs of the mouse
Arafa HM et al.
Immunomodulatory effects of L-carnitine and q10 in mouse spleen exposed to low-frequency high-intensity magnetic field
Attia AA et al.
Histological, Ultrastructural and Immunohistochemical Studies of the Low Frequency Electromagnetic Field Effect on Thymus, Spleen and Liver of Albino Swiss Mice
Häußler M et al.
Exposure of rats to a 50-Hz, 100 µTesla magnetic field does not affect the ex vivo production of interleukins by activated T or B lymphocytes
Thun-Battersby S et al.
Lymphocyte subset analyses in blood, spleen and lymph nodes of female Sprague-Dawley rats after short or prolonged exposure to a 50 Hz 100-microT magnetic field
Mevissen M et al.
Complex effects of long-term 50 Hz magnetic field exposure in vivo on immune functions in female Sprague-Dawley rats depend on duration of exposure