The SAR distribution at the cell plane was estimated at ±24% of the meanSAR, while the max. to min. ratio within the sample region was approx. 4:1.
Measurement and calculation details
Absolute SAR values were determined at various points by thermometric measurements. SAR distribution in the aperture plane within the sample at three levels from the bottom (0.5, 1.0 and 1.5 mm) was assessed by relative E-field measurements [Gajda et al., 2002].
Gajda GB et al.
Cylindrical waveguide applicator for in vitro exposure of cell culture samples to 1.9-GHz radiofrequency fields.
Whitehead TD et al.
The number of genes changing expression after chronic exposure to Code Division Multiple Access or Frequency DMA radiofrequency radiation does not exceed the false-positive rate.
Zeng Q et al.
Effects of global system for mobile communications 1800 MHz radiofrequency electromagnetic fields on gene and protein expression in MCF-7 cells.
Nylund R et al.
Mobile phone radiation causes changes in gene and protein expression in human endothelial cell lines and the response seems to be genome- and proteome-dependent.
Belyaev IY et al.
Exposure of rat brain to 915 MHz GSM microwaves induces changes in gene expression but not double stranded DNA breaks or effects on chromatin conformation.
Hirose H et al.
Phosphorylation and gene expression of p53 are not affected in human cells exposed to 2.1425 GHz band CW or W-CDMA modulated radiation allocated to mobile radio base stations.
Whitehead TD et al.
Gene expression does not change significantly in C3H 10T(1/2) cells after exposure to 847.74 CDMA or 835.62 FDMA radiofrequency radiation.
Capri M et al.
1800 MHz radiofrequency (mobile phones, different Global System for Mobile communication modulations) does not affect apoptosis and heat shock protein 70 level in peripheral blood mononuclear cells from young and old donors.
Leszczynski D et al.
Non-thermal activation of the hsp27/p38MAPK stress pathway by mobile phone radiation in human endothelial cells: Molecular mechanism for cancer- and blood-brain barrier-related effects.
Pacini S et al.
Exposure to global system for mobile communication (GSM) cellular phone radiofrequency alters gene expression, proliferation, and morphology of human skin fibroblasts.