The SAR distribution at the cell plane was estimated at ±24% of the meanSAR, while the max. to min. ratio within the sample region was approx. 4:1.
Measurement and calculation details
Absolute SAR values were determined at various points by thermometric measurements. SAR distribution in the aperture plane within the sample at three levels from the bottom (0.5, 1.0 and 1.5 mm) was assessed by relative E-field measurements [Gajda et al., 2002].
Gajda GB et al.
Cylindrical waveguide applicator for in vitro exposure of cell culture samples to 1.9-GHz radiofrequency fields.
Zeng Q et al.
Effects of global system for mobile communications 1800 MHz radiofrequency electromagnetic fields on gene and protein expression in MCF-7 cells.
Whitehead TD et al.
The number of genes changing expression after chronic exposure to Code Division Multiple Access or Frequency DMA radiofrequency radiation does not exceed the false-positive rate.
Nikolova T et al.
Electromagnetic fields affect transcript levels of apoptosis-related genes in embryonic stem cell-derived neural progenitor cells.
Miyakoshi J et al.
Effects of exposure to a 1950 MHz radio frequency field on expression of Hsp70 and Hsp27 in human glioma cells.
Lim HB et al.
Effect of 900 MHz electromagnetic fields on nonthermal induction of heat-shock proteins in human leukocytes.
Capri M et al.
1800 MHz radiofrequency (mobile phones, different Global System for Mobile communication modulations) does not affect apoptosis and heat shock protein 70 level in peripheral blood mononuclear cells from young and old donors.
Czyz J et al.
High frequency electromagnetic fields (GSM signals) affect gene expression levels in tumor suppressor p53-deficient embryonic stem cells.
Leszczynski D et al.
Non-thermal activation of the hsp27/p38MAPK stress pathway by mobile phone radiation in human endothelial cells: Molecular mechanism for cancer- and blood-brain barrier-related effects.
Pacini S et al.
Exposure to global system for mobile communication (GSM) cellular phone radiofrequency alters gene expression, proliferation, and morphology of human skin fibroblasts.