研究のタイプ: 医学/生物学の研究 (experimental study)

[電気過敏性と電気感受性の間につながりがあるか?:再現研究] med./bio.

Is there a connection between electrosensitivity and electrosensibility? A replication study.

掲載誌: Int J Behav Med 2015; 22 (6): 755-763

この研究は、電磁界を原因と信じる特発的環境不耐症(IEI-EMF)の人々において、50Hz、0.5mTの磁界MF)を偶然より高い確率で感じ取る能力や、対照群より多くの体験をする傾向について報告した先行研究に着目し、実験デザインに変更を加えた上で、それらの研究結果の再現を試みた。誘発実験の参加者は、IEI-EMFであると自己申告した49人と対照57人である。身体感覚増幅尺度(SSAS)、現代健康不安尺度のうちの放射線サブスケール(MHWS Radiation)などの質問票記入の後、右腕に向けたMFの存在の検出実験を行った(1分間セッションを20回連続)。その結果、IEI-EMFの人では、対照群に比べ、偶然より高い確率のMF検出力が示されたものの、信号検出理論におけるバイアス被験者の反応における刺激の有無による偏り)には両者に差異がなかった;症状の報告は、ばく露認知と関連していた、と報告している。

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研究目的(著者による)

A previous study by the authors (Koteles et al. 2013) was replicated and the results should be confirmed. The ability of electrosensitive probands to sense exposure to a 50 Hz magnetic field should be investigated.

詳細情報

Subjects were divided into two groups: 1) subjects with self-reported electrosensitive complaints (n=49, experimental subjects), 2) subjects without electrosensitivity-related complaints (n=57, control subjects). Each participant was tested separately and should discriminate an exposure from a sham exposure of his hand in 20 consecutive test trials (10 exposure and 10 sham exposure trials in a random order) of 1 minute, respectively.
The study design was slightly modified in the present study in comparison to Koteles et al. 2013. In the original study, subjects described their sensings of the magnetic field only after the last test trial, what could have contributed to further bias. In the present study, subjects described their sensings after each individual test trial.

影響評価項目

ばく露

ばく露 パラメータ
ばく露1: 50 Hz
ばく露時間: intermittent 10 times for 1 minute each
  • 磁束密度: 500 µT effective value (at right hand during exposure)
  • 磁束密度: 1.14 µT (at subject's head during exposure)

ばく露1

主たる特性
周波数 50 Hz
タイプ
  • magnetic field
波形
  • sinusoidal
ばく露時間 intermittent 10 times for 1 minute each
ばく露装置
ばく露の発生源/構造
チャンバの詳細 separated test chamber; power supply of the coils and the control switch were located in an adjacent room equipped with a sound-proof door; coolers of the power supply were operating during the whole experiment
ばく露装置の詳細 two Helmholtz coils (inner diameter 42 cm, outer diameter 55 cm, made of 240 turns glaze-insulated copper wire (d=1.4 mm)) were placed at 21 cm distance to each other; a homogeneous magnetic field was produced between the coils; subjects put their right hand between the coils (coils below and above hand); exposure of other body parts was minimized by an iron plate positioned between the coil system and the subject; no changes in temperature were measurable (with a tolerance of 0.1°C)
Sham exposure A sham exposure was conducted.
パラメータ
測定量 種別 Method Mass 備考
磁束密度 500 µT effective value 測定値 - at right hand during exposure
磁束密度 1.14 µT - 測定値 - at subject's head during exposure

ばく露を受けた生物:

方法 影響評価項目/測定パラメータ/方法

研究対象とした生物試料:
調査の時期:
  • ばく露前
  • ばく露中
  • ばく露後

研究の主なアウトカム(著者による)

The detection rate of the magnetic field was not significantly different between electrosensitive subjects (group 1) and control subjects. However, both groups showed a slightly increased detection rate compared to mere chance, which was higher and significant in electrosensitive subjects.
There was no significant difference in the age and cooperation motivation between electrosensitive and control subjects, however, the expectations of perception, the tendency to perceive somatic sensations as intense or disturbing and health worries about radiation were significantly higher in electrosensitive subjects compared to control subjects.
The authors conclude that electrosensitive probands, exposed to a 50 Hz magnetic field, show a slight tendency to sense the magnetic field. This confirmed the results of Koteles et al. 2013. Moreover, results indicated that the reported symptoms correlated with the believed (perceived) presence of the magnetic field rather than with the actual presence of the magnetic field.

研究の種別:

研究助成

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