Abstand zw. exponiertem Objekt und Expositionsquelle
The rats were placed in holding units consisting of ventilated 5.1 cm x 15.2 cm PVC tubes fitted with 0.59-liter clear plastic bottle tops on one end and common 7.6-cm bolts with nuts at the other end. As the rats grew larger, new units were made using 8.9-cm PVC tubes, 1-liter bottles, and 10.2-cm bolts with nuts.
Each cell phone was positioned 1 cm from the head of the rats, at equal distances between two rats in holding chambers.
The four cell phones used in the study had a PCSCDMA frequency band of 1.9 GHz (800 MHzdigital and 800 MHzanalog) and three different modes (AMPS mode, CELL mode, and PCS mode) that can be used based on signal reception, antenna use, and other factors associated with reception of different types of RF signals. The actual exposure is not specified in the article.
Maskey D et al.
Immunohistochemical localization of brain-derived neurotrophic factor and glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor in the superior olivary complex of mice after radiofrequency exposure.
Yan JG et al.
Qualitative Effect on mRNAs of Injury-Associated Proteins by Cell Phone Like Radiation in Rat Facial Nerves.
Buttiglione M et al.
Radiofrequency radiation (900 MHz) induces Egr-1 gene expression and affects cell-cycle control in human neuroblastoma cells.
Zhao TY et al.
Exposure to cell phone radiation up-regulates apoptosis genes in primary cultures of neurons and astrocytes.
Whitehead TD et al.
Gene expression does not change significantly in C3H 10T(1/2) cells after exposure to 847.74 CDMA or 835.62 FDMA radiofrequency radiation.
Chauhan V et al.
Gene Expression Analysis of a Human Lymphoblastoma Cell Line Exposed In Vitro to an Intermittent 1.9 GHz Pulse-Modulated Radiofrequency Field.
Nikolova T et al.
Electromagnetic fields affect transcript levels of apoptosis-related genes in embryonic stem cell-derived neural progenitor cells.
Whitehead TD et al.
Expression of the proto-oncogene Fos after exposure to radiofrequency radiation relevant to wireless communications.
Czyz J et al.
High frequency electromagnetic fields (GSM signals) affect gene expression levels in tumor suppressor p53-deficient embryonic stem cells.
Goswami PC et al.
Proto-oncogene mRNA levels and activities of multiple transcription factors in C3H 10T 1/2 murine embryonic fibroblasts exposed to 835.62 and 847.74 MHz cellular phone communication frequency radiation.
Morrissey JJ et al.
IRIDIUM exposure increases c-fos expression in the mouse brain only at levels which likely result in tissue heating.
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