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The effects of exposure of normal cells and cancer cells to a 50 Hz magnetic field on cell viability should be investigated.
Human osteosarcoma cells and human fibroblast cells were both exposed to magnetic fields with different combinations of magnetic flux density (2 mT, 2.5 mT, 3 mT, 4 mT, 6 mT and sham exposure) and exposure duration (30 minutes, 1 hour, 2 hours, 3 hours).
In all exposure groups of the osteosarcoma cells except in exposure for 30 minutes, exposure to the magnetic field resulted in a significantly decreased cell viability compared to sham exposure. In fibroblasts, exposure to the magnetic field led to a significantly increased cell viability in all exposure groups compared to the sham exposure. The authors conclude that a 50 Hz magnetic field exposure might have different effects on cell viability in normal cells compared to cancer cells.