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To study the effect of mobile phone exposure on free radical formation and the fertility pattern in male rats.
Six animals were exposed and six animals were sham exposed. All experiments were repeated.
|ばく露時間||continuous for 2 h/day on 35 days|
|Additional information||GSM in standby mode|
|ばく露装置の詳細||rats kept in individual plastic cages, fitted with anechoic material with ventilation holes of 1 cm diameter; mobile phone antenna placed on top of the cage|
|Sham exposure||A sham exposure was conducted.|
The antioxidant enzyme activities of glutathione peroxidase and superoxide dismutase decreased, while the catalase enzyme activity increased in the exposed group compared to the control group. The malondialdehyde level increased and histone kinase showed a significant decrease in the exposed group. The micronuclei formation in the blood samples of the exposed group also significantly decreased compared to the control group. A significant change (decrease) in sperm cell cycle of G0 phase/G1 phase and G2 phase/mitosis were recorded. Production of free radicals significantly increased in the exposed group.
The findings on antioxidant enzyme activities, malondialdehyde level, histone kinase, micronuclei formation, and sperm cell cycle are clear indications of an infertility pattern, induced by an overproduction of reactive oxygen species. The authors conclude that radiofrequency electromagnetic fields from cell phones might affect the fertilizing potential of spermatozoa.