The exposure system was based on the reference article with some modifications. It consisted of six round ventilated tubes mounted circularly and two (?) mobile phones in the middle on top of them.
Rats were confined in the tubes with their heads directed towards the antennas of the mobile phones. Mobile phones were activated by calling each other.
Rats were divided into four exposure groups: EMR, EMR + Gb (Gingko biloba), Gb only, and controls. Control and Gb only groups were subjected to the same conditions except that the mobile phones were turned off.
Hidisoglu E et al.
2100-MHz electromagnetic fields have different effects on visual evoked potentials and oxidant/antioxidant status depending on exposure duration.
Furtado-Filho OV et al.
Effects of chronic exposure to 950 MHz ultra-high-frequency electromagnetic radiation on reactive oxygen species metabolism in the right and left cerebral cortex of young rats of different ages.
Effect of exposure and withdrawal of 900-MHz-electromagnetic waves on brain, kidney and liver oxidative stress and some biochemical parameters in male rats.
Narayanan SN et al.
Evaluation of oxidant stress and antioxidant defense in discrete brain regions of rats exposed to 900 MHz radiation.
Dogan M et al.
Effects of electromagnetic radiation produced by 3G mobile phones on rat brains: Magnetic resonance spectroscopy, biochemical, and histopathological evaluation.
Kerman M et al.
Oxidative stress in hippocampus induced by 900 MHz electromagnetic field emitting mobile phone: protection by melatonin.
Avci B et al.
Oxidative stress induced by 1.8 GHz radio frequency electromagnetic radiation and effects of garlic extract in rats.
Esmekaya MA et al.
900 MHz pulse-modulated radiofrequency radiation induces oxidative stress on heart, lung, testis and liver tissues.
Esmekaya MA et al.
Mutagenic and morphologic impacts of 1.8 GHz radiofrequency radiation on human peripheral blood lymphocytes (hPBLs) and possible protective role of pre-treatment with Ginkgo biloba (EGb 761).