The test subjects were placed in two transparent Plexiglas metabolic cages positioned side by side and closer to the input port of the GTEM cell. The rats (five and four) were free to move inside a volume of 24 cm x 34 cm x 12.5 cm (W x L x H). The electric field was perpendicular to the plane on which the rats were located.
The applied power level was monitored by a power meter with a thermal probe connected to a directional coupler. SAR values were numerically determined by the FDTD method for three different input power levels and validated by measuring the electric field at 10 selected positions on an XY plane representing the positions of the rats during actual exposure.
Furtado-Filho OV et al.
Effects of chronic exposure to 950 MHz ultra-high-frequency electromagnetic radiation on reactive oxygen species metabolism in the right and left cerebral cortex of young rats of different ages.
Bodera P et al.
Influence of electromagnetic field (1800 MHz) on lipid peroxidation in brain, blood, liver and kidney in rats.
Narayanan SN et al.
Evaluation of oxidant stress and antioxidant defense in discrete brain regions of rats exposed to 900 MHz radiation.
Güler G et al.
The effect of radiofrequency radiation on DNA and lipid damage in non-pregnant and pregnant rabbits and their newborns.
Tomruk A et al.
The influence of 1800 MHz GSM-like signals on hepatic oxidative DNA and lipid damage in nonpregnant, pregnant, and newly born rabbits.
Dasdag S et al.
Effect of mobile phone exposure on apoptotic glial cells and status of oxidative stress in rat brain.
Gumral N et al.
Effects of Selenium and L-Carnitine on Oxidative Stress in Blood of Rat Induced by 2.45-GHz Radiation from Wireless Devices.
Zeni O et al.
Formation of reactive oxygen species in L929 cells after exposure to 900 MHz RF radiation with and without co-exposure to 3-chloro-4-(dichloromethyl)-5-hydroxy-2(5H)-furanone.
Elhag MA et al.
Effects of electromagnetic field produced by mobile phones on the oxidant and antioxidant status of rats.
Guney M et al.
900 MHz radiofrequency-induced histopathologic changes and oxidative stress in rat endometrium: protection by vitamins E and C.
Meral I et al.
Effects of 900-MHz electromagnetic field emitted from cellular phone on brain oxidative stress and some vitamin levels of guinea pigs.
Ferreira AR et al.
Oxidative stress effects on the central nervous system of rats after acute exposure to ultra high frequency electromagnetic fields.
Oral B et al.
Endometrial Apoptosis Induced by a 900-MHz Mobile Phone: Preventive Effects of Vitamins E and C.
Koyu A et al.
Caffeic Acid Phenethyl Ester Modulates 1800 MHz Microwave-Induced Oxidative Stress in Rat Liver.
Özgüner F et al.
Mobile phone-induced myocardial oxidative stress: protection by a novel antioxidant agent caffeic acid phenethyl ester.
Özgüner F et al.
A novel antioxidant agent caffeic acid phenethyl ester prevents long-term mobile phone exposure-induced renal impairment in rat. Prognostic value of malondialdehyde, N-acetyl-beta-D-glucosaminidase and nitric oxide determination.
Oktem F et al.
Oxidative damage in the kidney induced by 900-MHz-emitted mobile phone: protection by melatonin.