all rats were exposed simultaneously in one jar; an oscillator was used to establish a 900 MHz field similar to the frequency of a mobile phone; a half-wave dipole antenna made from a copper rod (1 mm Œ 15 cm) was installed into the central region, approximately 11 cm inside the open surface of the jar; intensity of the exposure field was measured every day from 9 different points on the floor of the jar
Kumar S et al.
Effect of electromagnetic irradiation produced by 3G mobile phone on male rat reproductive system in a simulated scenario.
Meena R et al.
Therapeutic approaches of melatonin in microwave radiations-induced oxidative stress-mediated toxicity on male fertility pattern of Wistar rats.
Jelodar G et al.
The prophylactic effect of vitamin C on induced oxidative stress in rat testis following exposure to 900 MHz radio frequency wave generated by a BTS antenna model.
Hanci H et al.
The effect of prenatal exposure to 900-megahertz electromagnetic field on the 21-old-day rat testicle.
Atasoy HI et al.
Immunohistopathologic demonstration of deleterious effects on growing rat testes of radiofrequency waves emitted from conventional Wi-Fi devices.
Ozorak A et al.
Wi-Fi (2.45 GHz)- and Mobile Phone (900 and 1800 MHz)-Induced Risks on Oxidative Stress and Elements in Kidney and Testis of Rats During Pregnancy and the Development of Offspring.
Rat testicular impairment induced by electromagnetic radiation from a conventional cellular telephone and the protective effects of the antioxidants vitamins C and E.
Celik S et al.
An evaluation of the effects of long-term cell phone use on the testes via light and electron microscope analysis.