Abstand zw. exponiertem Objekt und Expositionsquelle
The rats were placed in holding units consisting of ventilated 5.1 cm x 15.2 cm PVC tubes fitted with 0.59-liter clear plastic bottle tops on one end and common 7.6-cm bolts with nuts at the other end. As the rats grew larger, new units were made using 8.9-cm PVC tubes, 1-liter bottles, and 10.2-cm bolts with nuts.
Each cell phone was positioned 1 cm from the head of the rats, at equal distances between two rats in holding chambers.
The four cell phones used in the study had a PCSCDMA frequency band of 1.9 GHz (800 MHzdigital and 800 MHzanalog) and three different modes (AMPS mode, CELL mode, and PCS mode) that can be used based on signal reception, antenna use, and other factors associated with reception of different types of RF signals. The actual exposure is not specified in the article.
Lee HJ et al.
The lack of histological changes of CDMA cellular phone-based radio frequency on rat testis.
Otitoloju AA et al.
Preliminary study on the induction of sperm head abnormalities in mice, Mus musculus, exposed to radiofrequency radiations from global system for mobile communication base stations.
Mailankot M et al.
Radio frequency electromagnetic radiation (RF-EMR) from GSM (0.9/1.8GHz) mobile phones induces oxidative stress and reduces sperm motility in rats.