Four WPCs were placed into two incubators (one for RF and one for sham exposure using blind procedure). Each WPC was shielded by a 40 x 40 x 20 cm metal grid box and four blocks of foam absorber material (15 dB). The absence of any interference between the two WPCs located in the same incubator was confirmed by measurement.
The WPCs consisted of two parallel plates short-circuited at the edge at four points [Laval et al., 2002]. Four Petri dishes (3.5 cm in diameter) were placed in each WPC, one of them filled only with medium for monitoring temperature. A water spiral plate jacket was positioned on the external faces of both plates of the WPC with circulating water maintaining a temperature of 37 °C in the medium.
The SAR distribution inside the Petri dishes was calculated using a commercial code, solving Maxwell's equations based on the Finite Integral Technique (FIT). In addition, two kinds of measurements were carried out, electric field distribution and SAR. The averaged SAR for each dish was evaluated by the thermal power pulse method [Hand et al., 1989], using four Petri dishes filled with 2 ml of culture medium, a high RF power pulse, and a fluoroptic thermometer measuring thermal increase in five points inside each dish. The spatial distribution of the E-field as well as the efficiency obtained for the system showed a good agreement between measured and calculated values.
Kayhan H et al.
Does MW Radiation Affect Gene Expression, Apoptotic Level, and Cell Cycle Progression of Human SH-SY5Y Neuroblastoma Cells?
Cig B et al.
Investigation of the effects of distance from sources on apoptosis, oxidative stress and cytosolic calcium accumulation via TRPV1 channels induced by mobile phones and Wi-Fi in breast cancer cells.
Liu YX et al.
Exposure to 3G mobile phone signals does not affect the biological features of brain tumor cells.
Terro F et al.
GSM-900MHz at low dose temperature-dependently downregulates alpha-synuclein in cultured cerebral cells independently of chaperone-mediated-autophagy.
Zeni O et al.
Radiofrequency radiation at 1950 MHz (UMTS) does not affect key cellular endpoints in neuron-like PC12 cells.
Liu YX et al.
Exposure to 1950-MHz TD-SCDMA Electromagnetic Fields Affects the Apoptosis of Astrocytes via Caspase-3-Dependent Pathway.
Naziroglu M et al.
2.45-Gz wireless devices induce oxidative stress and proliferation through cytosolic Ca(2+) influx in human leukemia cancer cells.
Hoyto A et al.
Radiofrequency radiation does not significantly affect ornithine decarboxylase activity, proliferation, or caspase-3 activity of fibroblasts in different physiological conditions.
Joubert V et al.
Apoptosis is Induced by Radiofrequency Fields through the Caspase-Independent Mitochondrial Pathway in Cortical Neurons.
Hoyto A et al.
Proliferation, Oxidative Stress and Cell Death in Cells Exposed to 872 MHz Radiofrequency Radiation and Oxidants.
Palumbo R et al.
Exposure to 900 MHz radiofrequency radiation induces caspase 3 activation in proliferating human lymphocytes.