The exposure system consisted of a ventilated plastic tube cage (12 cm long x 5.5 cm in diameter) and a dipole antenna.
The whole body of the rat was positioned in close contact above the antenna.
Animals were allocated to three groups: sham exposed, EMR exposed, and EMR exposed + melatonin treated. Melatonin dissolved in ethanol/saline was injected s.c. daily immediately before exposure. Sham exposed rats received isotonic saline solution instead. Rats were anesthetized with sodium pentobarbital.
Effect of exposure and withdrawal of 900-MHz-electromagnetic waves on brain, kidney and liver oxidative stress and some biochemical parameters in male rats.
Ozorak A et al.
Wi-Fi (2.45 GHz)- and Mobile Phone (900 and 1800 MHz)-Induced Risks on Oxidative Stress and Elements in Kidney and Testis of Rats During Pregnancy and the Development of Offspring.
Salah MB et al.
Effects of olive leave extract on metabolic disorders and oxidative stress induced by 2.45 GHz WIFI signals.
Özgüner F et al.
A novel antioxidant agent caffeic acid phenethyl ester prevents long-term mobile phone exposure-induced renal impairment in rat. Prognostic value of malondialdehyde, N-acetyl-beta-D-glucosaminidase and nitric oxide determination.
Özgüner F et al.
Comparative analysis of the protective effects of melatonin and caffeic acid phenethyl ester (CAPE) on mobile phone-induced renal impairment in rat.
Kim MJ et al.
Green tea catechins protect rats from microwave-induced oxidative damage to heart tissue.
Ayata A et al.
Oxidative stress-mediated skin damage in an experimental mobile phone model can be prevented by melatonin.
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